Case of Ghazi Ilm Din Shaheed: That is the detail judgement about Ghazi ilam ud Din.
Ilam ud Din v. Emperor
A.I.R. 1930 Lahore 157
Ilam Din murdered Rajpal, the publisher of the pamphlet “Rangila Rasul”, on April 6, 1929. Ilam Din was sentenced to death on May 22, 1929. Mohammed Ali Jinnah and Farrukh Hussain filed an appeal to the Lahore High Court against the death sentence. Following is the All India (Law) Reporter record of the case.
A.I.R. 1930 Lahore 157
BROADWAY and JOHNSTONE, JJ.
Ilam Din—Accused – Appellant.
Criminal Appeal No. 562 of 1929, Decided on 17th July 1929 from order of Sess. Judge, Lahore, D/- 22nd May 1929.
Penal Code, S. -302—That murderer is 19 or 20 years of age and murder prompted by veneration for founder of religion is not extenuating circumstance.
The mere fact that the murderer is only 19 or 20 years of age and that the act was prompted by feelings of veneration for the founder of his religion and anger at one who had scurrilously attacked him, is a wholly insufficient reason for not imposing the appropriate sentence provided by law: A.I.R. 1928 Lah 531, Ref.
[P158 C1, 2]
Mohammd [sic] Ali Jinnah and Farrukh Hussain—for Appellant.
Ram Lal and J.L. Kapur— for the Crown.
Broadway, J.—Ilam Din, son of Talia Mand, a Tarkhan of some 19 or 20 years of age, and a resident of Mohalla Sirianwala, Lahore City, has been convicted of having caused the death of one Rajpal on 6th April 1929, and, under S. 302, I.P.C., has been sentenced to death. He has appealed, and the case is also before us under S. 374, Criminal P.C.
The deceased was a Hindu book-seller having a shop in the Hospital Road. Some little time back he had given grave offence to the Muslim community by the publication of a pamphlet entitled “Rangila Rasul.” He had been proceeded against under S. 153-A, I.P.C., in connexion with this publication, and after a protracted trial, had been convicted in January 1927. His conviction was, however, set aside by the High Court in May 1927.* [Rajpal v. Emperor, A.I.R. 1927 Lah. 590.] The pamphlet was a scurrilous production and had wounded the susceptibilities of certain members of the Muslim community to such an extent that his acquittal was followed by two abortive attempts to murder the author, with the result that it was found advisable to afford him police protection.
It seems that he had recently gone on a visit to Hardwar and, during his absence, the guard was removed. He returned from Hardwar on 4th April and whether the guard had not yet been restored or had been temporarily absented himself (the point is immaterial) he was murderously attacked in his shop at about 2 p.m. on 6th April.
That his assailant intended to cause death is established by the medical evidence which shows that he received no less than eight wounds, seven being incised and one a punctured one. The nature of these injuries also show that Rajpal endeavoured to defend himself, for four of the incised wounds were on his hands. He received a wound on the top of his head that cracked the right parietal bone, two incised wounds above the spine of the left scapula and a punctured wound in his chest. This last pierced the heart cutting the fourth rib and caused almost instantaneous death.
The case for the prosecution is that the appellant purchased a knife from Atma Ram (P.W. 8) on the morning of 6th April, proceeded to the ship of the deceased at about 2 p.m. and attacked him as he was sitting on the gaddi in the outer verandha writing letters. The assault was witnessed by Kidar Nath (P.W. No. 2) and Bhagat Ram (P.W. No. 3) employees of the deceased who were in the shop at the time, the former sitting at work in the inner verandah and the latter standing on a ladder in the outer verandah or room arranging books on the shelves. They raised an alarm, threw books at the appellant who dropped his knife and ran out. He was pursued by Kidar Nath and Bhagat Ram who were joined outside by Nanak Chand (P.W. No. 4) and Parma Nand (P.W. No. 5). The appellant turned into a woodyard belonging to Vidya Rattan, who had seen the pursuit from his office door and who hastened into the woodyard and seized the appellant, being assisted by the pursuers who were on his heels. The appellant is then stated to have repreatedly [sic] and loudly proclaimed that he was neither a thief nor a dacoit but had “taken revenge for the prophet.” Ilam Din was taken to the deceased’s shop, the police were notified and took over the appellant and the investigation.
A very brief report was made by Kidar Nath who said nothing of the assertions made by Ilam Din when he was captured, and did not mention the name of his fellow servant.
On the following day as a result of a statement made by Ilam Din to the Police, the shop of Atma Ram was discovered, and on 9th this Atma Ram picked out the appellant at an identification parade held under the supervision of a Magistrate as the man to whom he had sold the knife found in Rajpal’s shop.
There can be no doubt that Atma Ram could have sold the knife as he had several of identically the same make and pattern, two of which have been produced as exhibits. He stated that he bought these knives at an auction sale of Medical Stores.
M. Jinha [sic] has attacked the prosecution story on various grounds. He urged that Kidar Nath was not a reliable witness because (1) he was an employee of the deceased and therefore, “interested;” (2) he had not stated in the First Information Report (a) that Bhagat Ram was with him, and (b) that the appellant had stated that he had avenged the Prophet. As to Bhagat Ram it was contended he, as an employee, was interested, and as to the rest that there were variations in some of the details.
Objection was taken to the admissibility of the statements made to the police which led to the discovery of Atma Ram, and Atma Ram’s identification of Ilam Din and his testimony regarding the sale of the knife to Ilam Din were characterised as untrue and improbable. (His Lordship after discussing the evidence held that the guilt had been established and proceeded as follows.) Mr. Jinnah finally contended that the sentence of death was not called for and urged as extenuating circumstances, that the appellant is only 19 or 20 years of age and that his act was prompted by feelings of veneration for the founder of his religion and anger at one who had scurrilously attacked him.
As was pointed out in Amir v. Emperor (1): [A.I.R. 1928 Lah. 531.]:
“the mere fact that the murderer is 19 or 20 years of age, * * * * is a wholly insufficient reason for not imposing the appropriate sentence provided by law.”
The fact that Ilam Din is 19 or 20 years of age is not, therefore, a sufficient reason for not imposing the extreme penalty and I am unable to see that the other reasons advanced by Mr. Jinnah can be regarded as affording any excuse for a deliberate and cold blooded murder of this type.
I would, therefore, dismiss the appeal and confirm the sentence of death.
Johnstone, J.—I concur.
V.B./R.K. Appeal dismissed.
Nothing quite celebrates the feeling of the Holiday season like an engrossing and wonderful book. Many stories have been written about Christmas and Santa Claus, but very few of those take the theme and make it into something truly special and important. Here are ten of the finest examples. Be sure to post your favorites in the comments.
10. The Greatest Story Ever Told Fulton Oursler
In this highly regarded 1949 account about the life of Jesus, Oursler imbued the New Testament gospels with life, embellishing them with descriptive detail, dialog and personality. The compelling fictionalized narrative remains faithful to the scriptures throughout. The author captures the essence of the compassionate, yet forceful Son of God and his mission amidst the political, religious and social turmoil of the early first century. This program’s messages are timeless and ever relevant and will have wide appeal.
9. The Polar Express Chris Van Allsburg
It tells the story of a young boy on Christmas Eve, patiently lying in bed. Suddenly, a magical train called the Polar Express pulls up in front of his house, and the boy is invited to journey to the North Pole. The train is filled with many other children, all dressed in their pajamas. As the train reaches the North Pole, the boy and the other children see thousands of elves gathered at the center of town to send Santa on his way. The boy is handpicked by Santa Claus to receive the first gift of Christmas. Realizing that he could choose anything in the world, the boy asks for one beautiful-sounding silver bell from Santa’s sleigh. The boy places the bell in the pocket of his robe and all the children watch as Santa takes off for his yearly delivery. Later, on the train, the boy discovers that the bell has fallen through a hole in his pocket. On Christmas morning, his sister finds a small present wrapped under the tree, behind all of the other gifts. The boy opens the box and discovers that it is the bell, delivered by Santa, who found it on the seat of his sleigh. When the boy rings the bell, both he and his sister marvel at the beautiful sound. His parents, however, are unable to hear the bell and remark that it must be broken. However, those who believe can hear it.
8. The Christmas Tree Judy Salamon
The chief gardener at Rockefeller Center dreads Christmas because one of his responsibilities is the selection of the center’s giant Christmas tree, which is not an easy job. Thus, he is thrilled one spring to have found the perfect tree so early, and foresees no problem in persuading the nuns who own the property on which the tree stands to let him have it. Then he meets Sister Anthony, who came to the convent as a young orphan and made a close friend of the Norway Spruce she calls “Tree.”
7. The Crippled Lamb Max Lucado
Joshua the Lamb is crippled, so the other animals leave him behind in the stable. His tears of loneliness turn to joy, however, when he realizes that because of his difference, he gets to be right there when Jesus is born! From the classic art to the surprise ending, this tender story will help all children see that God has a very special plan for their lives.
6. The Christmas Box Richard Paul Evans
The story relates how a young couple, Richard (who narrates) and Keri, accept a position to care for a lonely widow, Mary Parkin, in her spacious Victorian mansion. As Christmas draws near, Mary becomes anxious about Richard’s obsession with success and his failure to make time for his family. She urges him to reconsider his priorities, but he is always too busy to heed her advice. It is only when Mary is on her deathbed, and her secret sorrow is revealed through the letter-laden Christmas box of the title, that Richard realizes what she has been trying to tell him. The message concerns love, of course, and the strings Evans pulls to vivify it should squeeze sobs from even the stoniest of hearts.
5. The Best Christmas Pageant Ever Barbara Robinson
Year after year a small town puts on their re-telling of the Christmas Story from the Bible, and year after year it’s always the same. Alice Wendleken is always Mary while Elmer Hopkins, son of the minister, is always Joseph. But this year that changes. After the usual director, Ms. Helen Armstrong, breaks her leg, housewife Grace Bradley steps up to direct. This is bad news for her children, Beth and Charlie, who are always in the pageant, but never want to be, as well as her husband Bob, who puts his best effort into staying home for the pageant. But things get even worse. The Herdmans (Ralph, Imogene, Leroy, Ollie, Claude and Gladys), who are deemed the worst kids in the world, find out about the pageant after Charlie tells Leroy that it doesn’t matter if he steals his lunch because he can get refreshments at Sunday School. The Herdmans show up and get all the leading roles because no one wants to be anywhere near them. During the weeks leading up to the show all of the rehearsals are a disaster. And just as it looks like the pageant would be terrible as well, the Herdmans seem to pull their act together to turn it into the Best Christmas Pageant Ever.
4. One Wintry Night Ruth Bell Graham
In a complex, lengthy picture book for older readers, an injured mountain boy, caught in a snowstorm at Christmastime, is taken in by a woman who lives in a log home the boy’s grandfather helped build years before. After the snowbound pair become acquainted and the grandfather is notified of the boy’s whereabouts, the woman launches into a telling of the Christmas story–beginning with the Creation and ending with the Resurrection. The setup seems awkward, but once the main story gets under way, things become more believable. Watson’s artwork is unusually arresting, offering plenty of visual subtext to support the ambitious undertaking, which is actually a condensed retelling of the entire Bible. The double-spread Nativity scene truly commands attention, particularly the striking face of the young girl Anna, who has come to see the Christ child.
3. Twas The Night Before Christmas Clement Moore
The poem, ‘A Visit From St. Nickolas’ (also known as ‘The Night Before Christmas’, and ‘Twas The Night Before Christmas’ (from its first line), first published in 1823, is largely responsible for the contemporary American conception of Santa Claus, including his physical appearance, the night of his visit, his mode of transportation, the number and first-ever printing of the names of his reindeer, and his delivery of toys to children.
2. How The Grinch Stole Christmas Dr. Seuss
The Grinch, whose heart is two sizes too small, hates Who-ville’s holiday celebrations, and plans to steal all the presents to prevent Christmas from coming. To his amazement, Christmas comes anyway, and the Grinch discovers the true meaning of the holiday.
1. A Christmas Carol Charles Dickens
A Christmas Carol is a Victorian morality tale of an old and bitter miser, Ebenezer Scrooge, who undergoes a profound experience of redemption over the course of one evening. Mr Scrooge is a financier/money-changer, who has devoted his life to the accumulation of wealth. He holds anything other than money in contempt, including friendship, love and the Christmas season. In keeping with the musical analogy of the title, A Christmas Carol, Dickens divides his literary work into five “staves” instead of chapters. This is a little joke Dickens has carried out throughout the story, it adds humour to the story and links in, because a stave is something you will find in a piece of music, and a “carol” is a type of music/song.
by Eric Frank Russell
Publisher: World Editions 1950
Number of pages: 164
This story by Eric Frank Russell was first serialized in 1930, then published in book form in 1943. The story of a future where the human race is owned and operated by the invisible Vitons, parasites that feed on human pain and anguish.
Download or read it online for free here:
Mayflower: A History From Beginning to End
Publisher: Hourly History 2016
Number of pages: 52
The story of the Mayflower is one of adventure, courage, and destiny. The Mayflower was the ship that launched a nation. She left from England in September of 1620, carrying 102 English Separatists to a new life, one that came with the freedom to practice their religious beliefs as they saw fit. These Pilgrims had the courage of their convictions.
Download or read it online for free here:
Brood of the Witch-Queen
by Sax Rohmer
Publisher: C. Arthur Pearson, Ltd 1918
Number of pages: 220
This is a 1918 supernatural novel by Sax Rohmer. The story deals with Robert Cairn and his suspicions of Antony Ferrara, the adopted son of an old friend and colleague of Robert’s father, Dr Bruce Cairn, of infernal magic and supernatural influence.
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100 Free Christmas Books
- A Budget of Christmas Tales by Charles Dickens and Others by Herbert W. Collingwood
- A Captured Santa Claus by Thomas Nelson Page
- A Christmas Accident and Other Stories by Annie Eliot Trumbull
- A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens
- A Christmas Garland by Sir Max Beerbohm
- A Christmas Greeting: A Series of Stories by H. C. Andersen
- A Christmas Hamper: A Volume of Pictures and Stories for Little Folks by Various
- A Christmas Mystery: The Story of Three Wise Men by William John Locke
- A Christmas Posy by Mrs. Molesworth
- A Christmas Sermon by Robert Louis Stevenson
- A Defective Santa Claus by James Whitcomb Riley
- A Kidnapped Santa Claus by L. Frank Baum
- A Little Book for Christmas by Cyrus Townsend Brady
- A Little Book of Christmas by John Kendrick Bangs
- A Reversible Santa Claus by Meredith Nicholson
- A Righte Merrie Christmasse: The Story of Christ-Tide by John Ashton
- A Winter Nosegay: Being Tales for Children at Christmastide by Walter Crane
- A Wonderful Night; An Interpretation Of Christmas by James H. Snowden
- Angel Unawares: A Story of Christmas Eve by A. M. Williamson and C. N. Williamson
- Around the Yule Log by Willis Boyd Allen
- At Last: A Christmas in the West Indies by Charles Kingsley
- Bertha’s Christmas Vision: An Autumn Sheaf by Jr. Horatio Alger
- Christmas Carols and Midsummer Songs by various authors
- Christmas Comes but Once A Year by John Leighton
- Christmas Eve by Robert Browning
- Christmas Eve and Christmas Day: Ten Christmas stories by Edward Everett Hale
- Christmas Every Day and Other Stories by William Dean Howells
- Christmas Holidays at Merryvale by Alice Hale Burnett
- Christmas in Legend and Story by Elva Sophronia Smith
- Christmas in Poetry: Carols and Poems by Carnegie Library School. Association
- Christmas in Ritual and Tradition, Christian and Pagan by Clement A. Miles
- Christmas Penny Readings: Original Sketches for the Season by George Manville Fenn
- Christmas Roses by Lizzie Lawson and Robert Ellice Mack
- Christmas Roses and Other Stories by Anne Douglas Sedgwick
- Christmas Stories And Legends by Phebe A. Curtiss
- Christmas Stories from French and Spanish Writers by Antoinette Ogden
- Christmas Sunshine by various authors
- Christmas Tales and Christmas Verse by Eugene Field
- Christmas with Grandma Elsie by Martha Finley
- Christmas: A Story by Zona Gale
- Christmas: Its Origin and Associations by W. F. Dawson
- Christmastide: Its History, Festivities, and Carols by William Sandys
- Colonel Crockett’s Co-operative Christmas by Rupert Hughes
- Dear Santa Claus by various authors
- Holiday Stories for Young People by Margaret Elizabeth Munson Sangster
- Is There a Santa Claus? by Jacob A. Riis
- Lill’s Travels in Santa Claus Land by Farman, Pratt, and Towne
- Mr. Blake’s Walking-Stick: A Christmas Story for Boys and Girls by Edward Eggleston
- Mr. Kris Kringle: A Christmas Tale by S. Weir Mitchell
- Myths and Legends of Christmastide by Bertha F. Herrick
- Old Christmas: from the Sketch Book of Washington Irving by Washington Irving
- On Christmas Day in the Morning by Grace S. Richmond
- Peace on Earth, Good-will to Dogs by Eleanor Hallowell Abbott
- Playing Santa Claus, and Other Christmas Tales by Sarah P. Doughty
- Round the Yule-Log: Christmas in Norway by Peter Christen AsbjÃ¸rnsen
- Santa Claus Gets His Wish: A Christmas Play in One Act For Young Children by Fisher
- Sermons of Christmas Evans by Christmas Evans
- Shakespeare’s Christmas, and other stories by Arthur Quiller-Couch
- Telephoning to Santa Claus by John D. MacDonald
- The Abbot’s Ghost, or Maurice Treherne’s Temptation: A Christmas Story by Alcott
- The Birds’ Christmas Carol by Kate Douglas Smith Wiggin
- The Book of Christmas by Thomas K. Hervey
- The Burglar and the Blizzard: A Christmas Story by Alice Duer Miller
- The Camp Fire Girls Solve a Mystery; Or, The Christmas Adventure at Carver House by Hildegard G. Frey
- The Children’s Book of Christmas Stories by Asa Don Dickinson and Ada M. Skinner
- The Chimes by Charles Dickens
- The Christmas Angel by Abbie Farwell Brown
- The Christmas Banquet (From “Mosses from an Old Manse”) by Nathaniel Hawthorne
- The Christmas Books of Mr. M.A. Titmarsh by William Makepeace Thackeray
- The Christmas Child by Hesba Stretton
- The Christmas Fairy, and Other Stories by Crompton, Molesworth, and Winter
- The Christmas Miracle by Mary Noailles Murfree
- The Cricket on the Hearth: A Fairy Tale of Home by Charles Dickens
- The Doctor’s Christmas Eve by James Lane Allen
- The Fairies and the Christmas Child by Lilian Gask
- The First Christmas Tree: A Story of the Forest by Henry Van Dyke
- The Gift of the Magi by O. Henry
- The Goblins’ Christmas by Elizabeth Anderson
- The Life and Adventures of Santa Claus by L. Frank Baum
- The Little Colonel’s Christmas Vacation by Annie F. Johnston
- The Lost Word: A Christmas Legend of Long Ago by Henry Van Dyke
- The Night Before Christmas and Other Popular Stories For Children by Various
- The Nuts: A Christmas Story for my Children and Grandchildren by Georg Ebers
- The Old Peabody Pew: A Christmas Romance of a Country Church by Wiggin
- The Pearl Story Book Stories and Legends of Winter, Christmas, and New Year’s Day by various authors
- The Prodigal Village: A Christmas Tale by Irving Bacheller
- The Romance of a Christmas Card by Kate Douglas Smith Wiggin
- The Story of the Mince Pie by Josephine Scribner Gates
- The Story of the Other Wise Man by Henry Van Dyke
- The Thin Santa Claus: The Chicken Yard That Was a Christmas Stocking by Butler
- The White Christmas and other Merry Christmas Plays by Walter Ben Hare
- Trifles for the Christmas Holidays by H. S. Armstrong
- Twas the Night before Christmas: A Visit from St. Nicholas by Clement Clarke Moore
- Two Christmas Celebrations by Theodore Parker
- Under the Holly: Christmas-Tide in Song and Story by Henry F. Randolph
- When the Yule Log Burns: A Christmas Story by Leona Dalrymple
- Who Ate the Pink Sweetmeat? And Other Christmas Stories by Mary Hartwell Catherwood et al.
- Yule Logs: Longmans’ Christmas Annual for 1898 by G. A. Henty
- Yule-Tide in Many Lands by Mary Poague Pringle and Clara A. Urann
- Yule-Tide Yarns by G. A. Henty
Little Miss Grouch
by Samuel Hopkins Adams
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Company 1915
Number of pages: 265
Little Miss Grouch by Samuel Hopkins Adams is an amusing story about a young American woman who boards a ship for England, to run away from her family, because she doesn’t want to marry the person her father has picked out for her.
Download or read it online for free here: